Graduate unemployment according to Wikipedia is defined as a specific type of unemployment that happens among people with higher academic degrees from higher education institutions.
Unemployment according to Oxford dictionary is simply the state of not having a job.
The issue of graduate unemployment in Ghana is one of the greatest concerns for both government and citizens alike.
It increases at an alarming rate every year as graduates from various tertiary educational institutions come out of school to look for jobs from the public sector and the private sector.
Only a few of the numerous graduates from the various tertiary institutions are employed into the government sector and the rest are left to struggle for jobs in private sector companies.
Again, the challenge here is that since the private sector companies can only absorb a few more of these graduates, the rest being the majority are left jobless.
This leaves such individuals frustrated.
Indeed it is equally painful for parents of these unemployed graduates to spend huge sums of money educating their wards to be independent while they see their wards becoming a burden to them again in the long run.
The consequences of the frustrations are what usually leads to an increase in social vices.
Although several efforts have been made by governments, both past, and present, it is not enough to contain the increasing number of students that are going to come out of school very soon due to the free SHS policy.
Some efforts like the Nation Builders Corps (NABCO) and the Youth Employment Programme (YEP) have come in to help but such efforts have benefited only a few.
I will share my thoughts on the current situations and suggest possible solutions to this problem making reference to the Robert Dilts Logical Levels of Change Model.
The model is a helpful lens to explore the challenges of identity, and link it to values and beliefs and also provides a useful structure for trying to make sense of what is happening.
In ensuring the change we all want as a country with regards to graduate employment, it is important to recognize our identities and roles we play.
This question brings out all stakeholders (government, individuals and institutions) in employment and ensures that all these stakeholders are aware of how important their role in ensuring employment in Ghana.
This acts as a guide for the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of policies and projects that will help create jobs.
The second step according to Robert Dilts Model is to define our values and beliefs as agents of curbing graduate unemployment.
This, then, becomes our purpose and motivation for playing our individual roles in ensuring that we curb graduate employment to the best minimum.
If all stakeholders are able to envision a Ghana with issues of graduate unemployment being a major challenge for every government and people and strives hard to bring it under control, it will go a long way to help us grow.
The third step is to find out how this can be achieved.
This moves all parties in the game to develop the necessary skills and competencies needed to achieve the set goal.
For example, educational institutions should be able to model individuals with the necessary skills and competencies to fit into the job market and to bring about development.
This includes more education on entrepreneurship and personal skills development.
Attitude is important in ensuring change and in resolving issues.
It is important that we review and reform our actions and reactions to the task that has been set before us which has to do with curbing graduate unemployment.
It’s required of us to check the behaviours we display as a government, people, and institution to bring about change and to be ardent in our efforts to curb graduate employment.
Finally, the step in bringing about change with regard to curbing graduate unemployment according to Robert Dilts model is to evaluate our results and outcome against our set goals to see if we have truly met our goals.
If the outcomes are not favourable, we go back and review the process again for better results.
I’m concluding with the quote “if you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change your attitude,” by Maya Angelou.
Written by: Isaac Anderson Dadzie, a Marketing student of KNUST Institute of Distance Learning | Central Leadership Programs’ Fellow | firstname.lastname@example.org/0264797824 0547487019